Category Archives: Expatriate Content

ialbions’ research, curation and content about living as an expat.

The Sovereign – Twelve Principal Rights

The sovereign has twelve principal rights:

1.) Because a successive covenant cannot override a prior one, the subjects cannot (lawfully) change the form of government.

2.) Because the covenant forming the commonwealth results from subjects giving to the sovereign the right to act for them, the sovereign cannot possibly breach the covenant; and therefore the subjects can never argue to be freed from the covenant because of the actions of the sovereign.

3.) The sovereign exists because the majority has consented to his rule; the minority have agreed to abide by this arrangement and must then assent to the sovereign's actions.

4.) Every subject is author of the acts of the sovereign: hence the sovereign cannot injure any of his subjects and cannot be accused of injustice.

5.) Following this, the sovereign cannot justly be put to death by the subjects.

6.) Because the purpose of the commonwealth is peace, and the sovereign has the right to do whatever he thinks necessary for the preserving of peace and security and prevention of discord. Therefore, the sovereign may judge what opinions and doctrines are averse, who shall be allowed to speak to multitudes, and who shall examine the doctrines of all books before they are published.

7.) To prescribe the rules of civil law and property.

8.) To be judge in all cases.

9.) To make war and peace as he sees fit and to command the army.

10.) To choose counsellors, ministers, magistrates and officers.

11.) To reward with riches and honour or to punish with corporal or pecuniary punishment or ignominy.

12.) To establish laws about honour and a scale of worth.


To Be Sovereign is to Oversee in Righteousness. Anything else is NOT "really" sovereign!


Moldova Is A Beautiful Place With Echos From The Past

From (Around) Russia With Love...

Chisinau is The Capital of Moldova and though it may be the poorest country in Europe, it's an excellent place to visit and get a buzz (wine is their main export and business activity). It's a very different, unique place with loud echos from the past. In real recent years thousands have moved to the country from around Russia.

Moldova: Stepping Back in Time

Moldovan Citizenship!?!? Maybe...